Today we’ll be discussing Concurrence as an element in criminal offence. in Western jurisdictions, concurrence is the obvious need to prove the simultaneous occurrence of both actus reus (“guilty action”) and mens rea (“guilty mind”), to constitute a crime; except in crimes of strict liability. In theory, if the actus reus does not hold concurrence… Continue reading Concurrence


Let’s talk about causation which is one of the elements of a crime. It is the causal relationship between the defendant’s conduct and end result”. In other words, causation provides a means of connecting conduct with a resulting effect, typically an injury. In criminal law, it is defined as the actus reus (an action) from… Continue reading Causation

Actus Reus

Today we’ll be discussing actus reus which is one of the fundamental elements to a crime which must be proven by the prosecution to obtain a conviction from the trail court. Actus reus sometimes called the external element or the objective element of a crime, is the Latin term for the “guilty act” which, when… Continue reading Actus Reus


Today we’ll be looking at the offence of burglary. a brief histroical analysis of burglary and it’s definition at common law, it’s variation among jurisdictions like Canada, Finland, New Zealand, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States etc, and protection against burglars. Burglary means the breaking and entering a building or other areas without permission, with the… Continue reading Burglary

Child Abuse

Today we will be discussing child abuse. Child abuse is not just physical violence directed at a child. It is any form of maltreatment by an adult, which is violent or threatening for the child. this includes neglect, child trafficking, Child labor, forced adoption, targeted violence against girls like Infanticide, female genital mutilation, Sexual initiation… Continue reading Child Abuse

Aiding and Abetting/Accessory

Aiding and Abetting/Accessory: A criminal charge of “aiding and abetting” or accessory can usually be brought against anyone who helps in the commission of a crime, though legal distinctions vary by state. A person charged with these accomplice crimes is usually not present when the crime itself is committed, but he or she has knowledge… Continue reading Aiding and Abetting/Accessory

What’s the difference between aiding and abetting?

The term ‘aiding’ and the term ‘abetting’ are similar legal concepts. But each has a slightly different meaning. let’s briefly examine these legal concepts as it relates to the commission of crimes. Aiding a crime means helping someone else to commit a crime or wrond against the state. While abetting is to encourage or incite,… Continue reading What’s the difference between aiding and abetting?


Today, we’ll be discussing manslaughter as an offence, types of manslaughter, it’s distinction from murder; national standards in Australia, Canada, England and the United States and manslaughter historical distinction from murder. Enjoy your reading: What is Manslaughter? Manslaughter is the killing of another person, but it’s distinct from the crime of murder. Sometimes the line… Continue reading Manslaughter

Criminal attempt

Criminal attempt: Today we will be looking at ‘Criminal Attempts’ of individuals to commit a crime in various jurisdictions of the world like United States, England & Wales and other common Wealth Nations of the world. However, concentrations will be given to the elements of attempt: “Intent”, ‘Substantial steps’, ‘actus reus (guilty act)’, ‘The question… Continue reading Criminal attempt


Today we’ll be discussing Homicide in USA, UK which means killing one human being by another, which is one of the most serious crimes. The Anglo-American codes classified homicides into two or more separate crimes, each crime carrying its own penalty, which can be varied within limits by the sentencing authority. Thus, murder is… Continue reading Homicide