Today we’ll be discussing felony in criminal law. It’s applications and punishments among various jurisdictions of the world with their histroical evolution in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany etc with its consequencies. A felony is traditionally considered an offence of high seriousness, whereas a misdemeanor is regarded as less serious. The phrase “felony” originated… Continue reading Felony

Summary offence

Today we will be discussing summary offence otherwise known as petty offence a violation in some common law jurisdictions that can be proceeded against summarily. without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence). See also:- Complicity in Crime; Corporate Criminal Liability; Accomplice in Crime; Mens rea; Concurrence; Causation; actus… Continue reading Summary offence


Today we’ll be discussing misdemeanor as an offense. More so, its distinctions from felony, penalties in various jurisdictions like the United kingdom, Singapore, UK etc will be examined. happy reading… A misdemeanor is a type of offence punishable under criminal law. A misdemeanor is typically a crime punishable by less than 12 months in jail,… Continue reading Misdemeanor

Complicity in Crime

Complicity is the involvement in a completed criminal act of an accomplice, a partner in the crime who aids or abets other perpetrators of that crime, and who shared with them an intent to act to compete the crime. A person is an accomplice of another person in the commission of a crime if they… Continue reading Complicity in Crime

Corporate Criminal Liability

Corporate Criminal Liability can also be referred to as liability of legal or juristic persons, determines the extent to which a company as a legal person can be held liable for the acts and omissions of its employees and, in some legal systems, for those of other associates and business partners. Since corporations and other… Continue reading Corporate Criminal Liability

Accomplice in Crime

Today we’ll be looking at Accomplice in Crime within the scope of criminal liability, it’s distinction from accessory. More so, cognizance would be taken on accomplice with regards to the various jurisdictions of the world like Canada, United Kingdom, United States and Nigeria. Under the English common law, an accomplice is a person who actively… Continue reading Accomplice in Crime

Mens rea

Mens rea is one of the criminal elements that works hand-in-hand with Actus reus in the commission of crime. It is the mental element of a person’s intention to commit a crime; or knowledge that one’s action or lack of action would cause a crime to be committed. It is considered a necessary element of… Continue reading Mens rea


Today we’ll be discussing Concurrence as an element in criminal offence. in Western jurisdictions, concurrence is the obvious need to prove the simultaneous occurrence of both actus reus (“guilty action”) and mens rea (“guilty mind”), to constitute a crime; except in crimes of strict liability. In theory, if the actus reus does not hold concurrence… Continue reading Concurrence


Let’s talk about causation which is one of the elements of a crime. It is the causal relationship between the defendant’s conduct and end result”. In other words, causation provides a means of connecting conduct with a resulting effect, typically an injury. In criminal law, it is defined as the actus reus (an action) from… Continue reading Causation

Actus Reus

Today we’ll be discussing actus reus which is one of the fundamental elements to a crime which must be proven by the prosecution to obtain a conviction from the trail court. Actus reus sometimes called the external element or the objective element of a crime, is the Latin term for the “guilty act” which, when… Continue reading Actus Reus